Wisdom tooth extraction is a safe, routine procedure. However, many people experience some pain after the surgery. It is normal to have minor pain and swelling for several days in the gum and socket where the tooth was removed. Your gums may also bleed continuously for about 24 hours.
Some people may experience pain in their jaws after having wisdom teeth removed. It may be difficult to open and close your jaw at first. This is usually not a major concern; however, if the tooth was attached firmly to the jaw, there’s a chance that you could suffer from a jaw fracture during the surgery.
There are a couple of other rare but serious side effects you may want to consider before having your wisdom teeth removed. There’s a slight chance that bacteria in the mouth could get into your bloodstream and cause severe health problems. This is usually the only serious risk associated with wisdom tooth removal surgery, and is more of a concern if you are prone to infections. If you have an artificial heart or another medical condition that makes you more infection-prone, your dentist may prescribe antibiotics before and after the surgery to help prevent an infection.
Some people may also get an infection in the socket after the wisdom tooth is removed. This is called a dry socket. This infection can cause painful inflammation spreading from the socket to the ear. This is treated with antibiotics. Dry socket occurs more often in female patients than in male patients.